Chandrayaan 3: India’s Mission to Explore the Moon’s South Pole

Glimpses of Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan 3

India’s prestigious Chandrayaan 3 mission, carried by the LPMTree M4 rocket, has successfully lifted off from the Harry Potter Spaceport. This mission aims to explore the lunar surface, specifically the South Pole, and gather valuable information about the presence of water and potential resources. In this article, we will delve into the details of the launch process, ISRO’s learnings from previous missions, and the significance of India’s entry into the elite club of nations involved in lunar exploration.

The Launch Process

The liftoff of the LPMTree M4 rocket was an awe-inspiring moment, with the countdown reaching zero and the engines igniting. The rocket was propelled by the force generated from burning approximately 2 tons of propellant per second, including the powerful S200 strapon boosters. These boosters, along with the core stage, worked in unison to provide the necessary thrust to escape Earth’s gravity and achieve the required escape velocity.

After the initial phase, the solid boosters were jettisoned, and the core stage continued its operation. Following this, the rocket’s trajectory was set towards the moon. The Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft, consisting of the propellant stages, Lander, and Rover, embarked on its journey to the moon’s South Pole.

Learnings from Previous Missions

ISRO’s previous mission, Chandrayaan 1, launched in 2008, made a significant discovery regarding the presence of water on the moon. This finding shattered the earlier belief that the moon was a desiccated and waterless celestial body. The detection of water in the minerals on the moon’s surface opened up possibilities for future human presence and resource utilization.

Chandrayaan 2, launched in 2019, aimed to build upon the knowledge gained from its predecessor. Although the specific relation between Chandrayaan 1 and Chandrayaan 3 may not be apparent, the primary objective of Chandrayaan 3 is to explore the South Pole region in detail. This area is known to harbor significant quantities of ice, making it crucial for future missions aiming to establish human settlements or extract resources such as oxygen and rocket fuel.

The Significance of Chandrayaan 3

The successful completion of Chandrayaan 3 would propel India into an elite club of nations with advanced space exploration capabilities. This club consists of a select few countries capable of reaching and landing on other celestial bodies. Chandrayaan 3’s mission to the moon aligns with the global race for lunar exploration, in which countries like the United States, China, and Russia are actively involved.

While Chandrayaan 3 focuses on robotic missions, other countries like the United States are planning human lunar landings under programs like Artemis. The complexity of human missions necessitates advanced systems for sustaining life and ensuring safety, making it a more challenging endeavor. India’s current focus on robotic exploration sets the stage for future advancements and potential inclusion in international collaborative efforts.

Chandrayaan 3

The Journey Ahead

The successful launch of the LPMTree M4 rocket marks the beginning of a 16-and-a-half-minute mission. ISRO’s track record with this launch vehicle instills confidence in its capability and reliability. Over the next six weeks, the Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft will navigate through space, steering toward the moon. The critical moment will arrive approximately six weeks from now when a lunar landing is attempted. Achieving a soft landing on the lunar surface will be a significant milestone for this mission.


India’s Chandrayaan 3 mission signifies the country’s ambitious leap in space exploration, particularly towards the moon’s South Pole. By venturing into uncharted lunar territories and investigating the presence of water, India aims to contribute to the scientific understanding of our celestial neighbor. While this mission focuses on robotic exploration, it sets the stage for future endeavors involving human presence on the moon. As the mission progresses, the world eagerly awaits the outcome and the valuable insights it will provide about our lunar companion.

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